Traveling to Peru is an exciting adventure. With a long and rich history, Peru has a variety of cultural and historical sites to explore. Whether you are looking for outdoor activities, cultural experiences, or a combination of both, Peru has something to offer everyone. Here are a few tips to help you make the most of your trip to Peru.
- Get familiar with the language. Although most people in Peru speak Spanish, there are many native languages spoken in the country. Learning a few words in Quechua, Aymara, and other local languages will help you interact with locals and make the most of your trip.
- Dress appropriately. Peru has a wide range of climates, from the cooler Andes Mountains to the tropical jungles of the Amazon Basin. Be sure to bring clothing that is appropriate for the area you are visiting.
- Plan ahead. Peru has a variety of transportation options, from buses to planes to boats. Knowing what type of transportation you will use and when will help you plan your trip and make sure you get to where you want to go on time.
- Pack lightly. You don’t want to be weighed down with heavy luggage when traveling in Peru. Pack light, and only bring the essentials.
- Stay safe. Peru is overall a very safe country, but there are some areas that are best avoided. Make sure to research the areas you will be visiting and take the necessary safety precautions.
Now that you’re prepared, here are 20 sites and monuments to visit in Peru:
- Machu Picchu: Machu Picchu is a 15th-century Incan citadel located in the Peruvian Andes. It is one of the most popular tourist attractions in Peru and is considered one of the Seven Wonders of the World. https://www.lonelyplanet.com/peru/machu-picchu
- Cusco: Cusco is the historic capital of the Incan Empire and a popular tourist destination in Peru. It is full of colonial architecture and Incan ruins. https://www.lonelyplanet.com/peru/cusco
- Sacred Valley: The Sacred Valley is a high-altitude valley located in the Andes Mountains. It is home to many Incan ruins and is a great place to explore. https://www.lonelyplanet.com/peru/sacred-valley
- Pisac: Pisac is a small town in the Sacred Valley. It is known for its traditional markets and is a great place to buy souvenirs. https://www.lonelyplanet.com/peru/pisac
- Chavin de Huantar: Chavin de Huantar is an archaeological site located in the northern part of Peru. It is believed to be the ceremonial center of the Chavin culture. https://www.lonelyplanet.com/peru/chavin-de-huantar
- Rainbow Mountain: Rainbow Mountain, or Vinicunca, is a colorful mountain located in the Peruvian Andes. It is a popular tourist destination and a great place to take pictures. https://www.lonelyplanet.com/peru/rainbow-mountain
- Choquequirao: Choquequirao is an Incan archaeological site located in the southern part of Peru. It is similar in many ways to Machu Picchu and is a great place to explore. https://www.lonelyplanet.com/peru/choquequirao
- Huacachina: Huacachina is an oasis located in the southern part of Peru. It is known for its sand dunes and is a popular spot for sandboarding and other outdoor activities. https://www.lonelyplanet.com/peru/huacachina
- Colca Canyon: Colca Canyon is one of the deepest canyons in the world and a great place to explore. It is known for its incredible views and is home to a variety of wildlife. https://www.lonelyplanet.com/peru/colca-canyon
- Paracas National Reserve: The Paracas National Reserve is located in the southern part of Peru. It is home to a variety of wildlife and is a great spot for hiking and bird watching. https://www.lonelyplanet.com/peru/paracas-national-reserve
- Lima: Lima is the capital city of Peru and is known for its colonial-style architecture. It is a great place to explore and enjoy the city life. https://www.lonelyplanet.com/peru/lima
- Lake Titicaca: Lake Titicaca is a large lake located in the Andes Mountains. It is home to a variety of wildlife and is a great place to explore the local culture. https://www.lonelyplanet.com/peru/lake-titicaca
- Nazca Lines: The Nazca Lines are a series of ancient geoglyphs located in the Nazca Desert. They are a popular tourist attraction and a great place to explore. https://www.lonelyplanet.com/peru/nazca-lines
- Huascarán National Park: The Huascarán National Park is located in the northern part of Peru. It is home to a variety of wildlife and a great place to explore nature. https://www.lonelyplanet.com/peru/huascaran-national-park
- Moray: Moray is an Incan archaeological site located in the Sacred Valley. It is known for its circular terraces and is a great place to explore. https://www.lonelyplanet.com/peru/moray
- Gocta Waterfall: Gocta Waterfall is a beautiful waterfall located in the northern part of Peru. It is a popular tourist destination and a great place to take pictures. https://www.lonelyplanet.com/peru/gocta-waterfall
- Mancora: Mancora is a beach town located in the northern part of Peru. It is known for its beautiful beaches and is a great spot for relaxing and enjoying the sun. https://www.lonelyplanet.com/peru/mancora
- Huaraz: Huaraz is a mountain town located in the northern part of Peru. It is a great spot for outdoor activities such as hiking and mountain biking. https://www.lonelyplanet.com/peru/huaraz
- Kuelap: Kuelap is an ancient fortress located in the northern part of Peru. It is a great place to explore and learn about the ancient Chachapoyas culture. https://www.lonelyplanet.com/peru/kuelap
- Iquitos: Iquitos is a city located in the northern part of Peru. It is a great spot for exploring the Amazon rainforest and is home to a variety of wildlife. https://www.lonelyplanet.com/peru/iquitos
Whether you’re looking for cultural experiences, outdoor activities, or a combination of both, Peru has something to offer everyone. With these tips and the list of sites and monuments, you can make the most of your trip to Peru.